Ethics Policy

IOS Press is committed to upholding the integrity of all its publications. It is necessary for there to be agreement upon the standards of ethical behavior expected from all parties involved in the publishing process; these include the author, the editor, the peer reviewer and the publisher. IOS Press follows the COPE Best Practice Guidelines on publishing ethics. Full details of these guidelines can be found on the COPE website

Authors are requested to disclose any potential conflict of interest upon submission. Editors and reviewers are asked to excuse themselves from reviewing a submission if a conflict of interest makes them unable to make an impartial scientific judgment or evaluation. Conflicts of interest include but are not limited to: collaboration with the author(s) in the past 3 years; any professional or financial affiliations that may be perceived as a conflict of interest; or a history of personal differences with the author(s). Any disputes will be handled by the publisher according to the COPE guidelines.

IOS Press does not tolerate plagiarism, or the publication of material that is libelous, illegal or which infringes the copyright or other rights of any third party. In addition, the manipulation of scientific data, tables, figures or any text for the purpose of knowingly providing incorrect information in order to manipulate the process of peer review is strictly prohibited.

Authors publishing a paper with IOS Press should certify that (i) all those mentioned in the list of authors have contributed significantly to the paper, (ii) no person who has made a significant contribution has been omitted from the list of authors or acknowledged persons, (iii) all sources of external funding have been revealed in the acknowledgments section, (iv) the paper has not been and will not be submitted to any other publication until either the review process has been completed or the paper has been withdrawn, (v) the submitting author assumes responsibility, within the limits of his or her professional competence, for the accuracy of the paper, and (vi) the authors have read and agree to the IOS Press copyright agreement

The editor or peer reviewer of any IOS Press publication shall evaluate manuscripts on their intellectual content, irrespective of the race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors. The editor and any editorial staff shall not disclose any confidential information concerning a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, or publisher, as appropriate. The content of any unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript is not to be used, either in whole or in part, in an editor’s own research without the express written consent of the submitting author.

The publisher, IOS Press, affirms that any misconduct, in the form of fabrication, falsification or plagiarism, jeopardizes the success of the entire scientific endeavor. Any questions raised with regard to possible misconduct or plagiarism will initially be evaluated by the editor(s) of the publication, in consultation with the manuscript’s peer reviewer(s) if appropriate. If deemed appropriate, the matter will be taken up with the institution where the scientific work in question was performed. In principle, matters will be reviewed in accordance with the institutional procedures for handling allegations of misconduct. At all stages, every effort should be made to ensure that the process is fair and just, both for those who have been accused of misconduct and for those who have raised the issue of scientific misconduct. In the event that a published article must be retracted or corrected, a statement of retraction or correction, usually in the form of an erratum, will be published. Articles may be removed from the publication if deemed appropriate.

Any reports of potential misconduct or plagiarism should be sent to