Brain Plasticity

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ISSN print
ISSN online
6; 2 issues
Last issue (5:1) online on 27 December 2019
Next issue
5:2 scheduled for June 2020
Back volumes
Biochemistry, Medicine & Health, Neurosciences

COVID-19 Statement – The COVID-19 crisis is affecting many lives, and also research initiatives. We appreciate the efforts of our editors, authors, and reviewers working on our journal at this difficult time. View the full Brain Plasticity (BPL) COVID-19 statement here.

Social Media
– BPL is on Twitter (@BPL_Journal), with our new social media editor Dr. Jibran Khokhar at the helm. Be sure to follow us and be part of the conversation! 

Newsletter – 
Be sure to sign up to the BPL newsletter to receive alerts of new issues and other journal news. Sign up via this link & you can read the latest newsletter here.

Latest Content – View all the open access articles here, including the latest special issue (Vol.5, Iss.1) covering the topic: Excercise Effects on Cognitive Function.

Open Access Fee Waiver – BPL is an open access journal and we are pleased to announce that the open access fees are waived for papers submitted in 2020!

Brain Plasticity publishes peer-reviewed Original Articles, Reviews and Short Communications on all aspects of neurogenesis, gliogenesis and synaptic plasticity, from development to the adult. This includes research articles or reviews on modifications to neural circuits in the developing and adult brain, whether by learning or physical activity, spine formation, changes in neural structure, changes in neural networks, new cell division, as well as response of the CNS to experimental injuries, neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. Papers adopting fresh conceptual approaches on specification and function at the molecular and cellular levels, neural circuits, systems and behavioral levels are encouraged.




Henriette van Praag, PhD
Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine,
and Brain Institute, Florida Atlantic University
Jupiter, FL, USA

Bernard Zalc, MD
UPMC, Paris, France

Xinyu Zhao, PhD
University of Wisconsin
Madison, WI, USA

Social Media Editor

Jibran Y. Khokhar, PhD
Ontario Veterinary College at the University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada

Review Co-Editors

Bryan W. Luikart, PhD
Geisel School of Medicine, Lebanon, NH, USA

Jason Snyder, PhD
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

Editorial Manager

Rasjel van der Holst
Email: brainplasticity[at]

Editorial board

Nicola J. Allen
Salk Institute, La Jolla, USA

James Aimone
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, USA

Matthew Peter Anderson
Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA

Arturo Alvarez-Buylla
University of California, San Francisco, USA

Helena Mira Aparicio
CNM-Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain

Angelique Bordey
Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, USA

Henning Boecker
Universitätsklinikum Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Tal Burstyn-Cohen
Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel

Gyorgy Buzsaki

New York University, New York, USA

Jonah R. Chan
University of California, San Francisco, USA

Brian R. Christie
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Jacqueline N. Crawley
UC Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, USA

Charles ffrench-Constant
The University of Edinburgh, Edingburgh, United Kingdom

Max Cynader
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Hugues Duffau
The Institute for Neurosciences of Montpellier, Montpellier, France

Steve Dunnett
Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom

Amelia J. Eisch
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA

Ben Emery
The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

James Fawcett
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Robin Franklin
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Andreas Frick
Neurocentre Magendie – u 862, Bordeaux, France

Jonas Frisen
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Fred Gage
Salk Institute, La Jolla, USA

Vittorio Gallo
Children’s National Medical Center, Washington, USA

Jenny Hsieh
University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, USA

Ivan Izquierdo
Pontíficia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, Brazil

Johan Jakobsson
Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Sebastian Jessberger
University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Ragnhildur Thora Karadottir
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Eric Klann
New York University, New York, USA

Anna Klintsova
University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA

Mariah Lelos
Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom

Dieter (Chichung) Lie
Friedrich-Alexander Universität, Erlangen, Germany

Wange Lu
University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA

Paul Lucassen
University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Giovanna Mallucci
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Alysson Muotri
University of California San Diego, San Diego, USA

Kinichi Nakashima
Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan

Ozioma Okonkwo
University of Wisconsin, Madison, Madison, WI, USA

Jack Parent
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA

Sam Pleasure
UCSF School of Medicine, San Francisco, USA

Stefano Pluchino
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

William Richardson
UCL, London, United Kingdom

Anne Rosser
Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom

Amar Sahay
Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA

Alessandro Sale
Institute of Neuroscience, Pisa, Italy

David V. Schaffer
University of California, Berkeley, USA

Alejandro F. Schinder
Fundación Instituto Leloir, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Hongjun Song
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA

Wendy A. Suzuki
New York University, New York, USA

John Svaren
University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, USA

Nicolas Toni
University of Lausanne, Laussanne, Switzerland

Beate Winner
Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nurnberg, Erlangen, Germany

Zhengui Xia
University of Washington, Seattle, USA

Chun-Li Zhang
UT Southwestern Medical Center, Houston, USA 


Journal papers will be published Open Access (OA). The article will be freely available from the moment it is published, also in the pre-press module. For the first years of publication, no article processing charges are required.

See our website for more information about our policy: IOS Press Open Library®.



By submitting my article to this journal, I agree to the IOS Press License to Publish: and the IOS Press Privacy Policy:

This journal operates with single-blind peer review. If the author prefers double-blind peer review, then please submit your manuscript excluding the author listing and make sure your document is anonymized, and list the authors and affiliations only in the cover letter for the Editor.

Note that the manuscript should be uploaded as one file with tables and figures included. This file can be a Word document, a PDF, or an embedded zip file (.rar) if separate high resolution figures or a supplemental file such as a video are also to be included with the submission (the file size maximum for a video is 25MB). If the video is too large to submit, please contact brainplasticity[at] to arrange a file transfer. For more information about submitting supplementary data see “Supplementary Data.”

Resubmissions should include the manuscript number in the cover letter. Resubmissions should clearly mention that the submission is a Revision and include the reference number in the submission letter. The author's replies to the reviewer comments should be included in the revised manuscript itself (at the top). The revised paper should always be a Word document.

Submission of a Review paper should be clearly mentioned in the cover letter to help the editorial process.

Submission of an article is understood to imply that the article is original and unpublished and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. Any possible conflict of interest, financial or otherwise, related to the submitted work must be clearly indicated in the manuscript. By submitting the paper the author agrees to the Author Copyright Agreement.

Ethics Policies and Patient Permissions
Procedures involving experiments on human subjects should be in accord with the ethical standards of the Committee on Human Experimentation of the institution in which the experiments were done or in accord with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975. Procedures involving experimentation on animal subjects should be in accord with either the guide of the institution in which the experiments were done, or with the National Research Council’s guide for the care and use of laboratory animals. The author must state compliance in the cover letter and in the Methods section of the article.

Preferably patients in figures should be unrecognizable. Authors are responsible for obtaining patient permission for use of the material from all recognizable participants in photographs, videos, or other information that may be published in the Journal or on the journal’s website. A statement that permission was granted by the patient must accompany the figure legend. Do not use study participants' names, initials, or hospital numbers anywhere in the manuscript (including figures).

If the address to which proofs should be sent is different from the correspondence address, authors are kindly requested to indicate this. Both the editor and the publisher should be informed of any changes in either or both of these addresses. Please also supply a direct telephone number, if available.

Note all accepted papers are published under the CC-BY-NC 4.0 license. (There are no article submission charges for this journal.)


Research Reports

Organization and presentation style

  1. Manuscripts must be written in English. Authors whose native language is not English are recommended to seek the advice of a native English speaker, if possible, before submitting their manuscripts. You can also visit Peerwith. Peerwith offers a language and copyediting service to all scientists who want to publish their manuscript in scientific peer-reviewed periodicals and books.
  2. Manuscripts should be double spaced throughout with wide margins (2.5cm or 1in), including the abstract and references. Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc., should include a page number centered at the bottom.
  3. Manuscripts should be organized in the following order with headings and subheadings typed on a separate line, without indentation.

Title page

  • Title (should be clear, descriptive and concise).
  • Full name(s) of author(s).
  • Full affiliation(s). Delineate affiliations with lowercase letters.
  • Present address of author(s), if different from affiliation.
  • Running title (45 characters or less, including spaces).
  • Complete correspondence address, including telephone number and email address.
  • Leave the author information blank if double-blind peer review is wished for, but do include the information in the cover letter.

Changes in Authorship

When submitting the manuscript the author listing and order should be final. If any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list does need to be made after submission, this can be done only before acceptance and with the Editor’s approval. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (1) the reason for the change in author list and (2) written confirmation from all authors, including the affected author, that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement.
Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in an Erratum.

Abstract and Keywords

The abstract for research papers should follow a structured format: BACKGROUND, OBJECTIVE, METHODS, RESULTS, CONCLUSIONS. Do not include these as headings. Ideally, the abstract should be no longer than 250 words.

For other papers such as Reviews or Protocols, the abstract should be clear, descriptive, and self-explanatory, and no longer than 250 words.

Include a list of 4-10 keywords. These keywords should be terms from the MeSH database.


Provide enough information to put your work into context. Be concise!  Clearly address the following points:

  • What information is already available?
  • What is the rationale or reason for your research?
  • What problem(s) does it address?

Do NOT include a comprehensive literature review of your research. End the Introduction by clearly stating the aims of your study.

Materials and Methods

This section should be well structured and detailed enough for others to be able to reproduce your experiments. Use clear sub-headings throughout. Start by describing the materials use, the supplier source, including any relevant catalog information, and supplier location. Use references appropriately to refer to published protocols or methodology. Do NOT repeat a detailed description of an already-published method or protocol.

Ethics/Policy on Use of Human Subjects:

Informed Consent

Mention whether signed informed consent has been obtained.

Compliance and protocol approval

Compliance with guidelines on human experimentation as well as protocol approval by a local Institutional Review Board should be specified. Compliance with guidelines on animal experimentation as well as protocol approval by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee should be specified.


This section should present the results and summarise the findings of your study. Do not provide any data in great detail. If you need to include additional detailed data, do so in supplementary files submitted with the paper. Consider providing a one-sentence summary at the beginning of each paragraph in the Results section, if you think that this would help the reader in understanding your findings.


You should begin this section with a brief summary of the main findings. Ensure that you answer all the questions posed in the Introduction. Mention both the strengths and the limitations for your study, as well as applications and implications of your findings. Compare these to other published findings.


If there are none, do still include this section and insert "The authors have no acknowledgments".


Specify sources of funding.
If there are none, do still include this section and insert "The authors report no funding".

Conflict of Interest 

If there are none, do still include this section and insert "The authors have no conflict to report".

Authors are requested to use the Vancouver citation style. Place citations as numbers in square brackets in the text. All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references at the end of the manuscript. List the references in the order in which they appear in the text. Only articles published or accepted for publication should be listed in the reference list. Submitted articles can be listed as (author(s), unpublished data). If an article has a DOI, this should be provided after the page number details. The number is added after the letters 'doi'. Manuscripts will not be considered if they do not conform to the Vancouver citation guidelines.

References must be listed in Vancouver style:
[1] Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002;935(1-2):40-6.
[2] Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.
[3] Berkow R, Fletcher AJ, editors. The Merck manual of diagnosis and therapy. 16th ed. Rahway (NJ): Merck Research Laboratories; 1992.
[4] Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGrawHill; 2002. p. 93-113.
[5] Canadian Cancer Society [homepage on the Internet]. Toronto: The Society; 2006 [updated 2006 May 12; cited 2006 Oct 17]. Available from:
[6] Tian D, Araki H, Stahl E, Bergelson J, Kreitman M. Signature of balancing selection in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. In press 2002.
[7] Fletcher D, Wagstaff CRD. Organisational psychology in elite sport: its emergence, application and future. Psychol Sport Exerc. 2009;10(4):427-34. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2009.03.009.


Number according to their sequence in the text. The text should include references to all tables. - Provide each table on a separate page of the manuscript after the references. - Include a brief and self-explanatory title with any explanations essential to the understanding of the table given in footnotes at the bottom of the table. - Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Leave some extra space between the columns instead.

Figures and Figure Legends

Number the figures according to their sequence in the text. The text should include references to all figures.

  • Figures should preferably be formatted in TIF or EPS format. JPG is also acceptable.
  • Figures should be designed with the format of JHD in mind and preferable sized as they will appear when printed. A single column of the journal is 77mm and two columns are 165mm.
  • Figures should be at 300 dpi or higher and be cropped to include the figure only (no blank space). CMYK is preferred for color figures.
  • On figures where a scale is needed, use bar scales to avoid problems if the figure needs to be reduced.
  • Each illustration should have a brief self-explanatory legend that should be typed separately from the figure in the section of the manuscript following the tables.
  • Costs for color figures in the print version of the journal are as follows: 1 figure - 650 euro; 2 figures - 900 euro; 3 figures - 1050 euro; 4 figures - 1200 euro; 5 figures - 1350 euro. Cost for each additional color figure will be 150 euro. Color figures are free in the electronic version of the journal. You may opt to send in both black/white figures for print, and color figures for the online PDF (please adjust the figure legend appropriately).

Supplementary Material 

Supplementary data can be submitted with the manuscript, included within the manuscript after the Figures and Tables (or otherwise after the References). Each supplementary item should have a legend and should not exceed the file size of 10MB. Supplemental videos can be submitted separately (see top of page for submission guidelines of videos). A short description of the supplementary items should be included under the header of “Supplementary Material” within the manuscript before the “References”. Supplementary material will be made available in the format in which it was provided. Large datasets should be hosted on the author’s own or institute’s website or in an appropriate database, and should be properly cited within the manuscript.

Review Articles

Reviews should be authoritative and topical and provide comprehensive and balanced coverage of a timely and/or controversial issue. Reviews should be prepared as detailed above for a Research Report, omitting Introduction through Discussion, and include a conclusion.

Short Communications 

A Short Communication is an article of original scholarship of unusual interest of less than 2000 words (not including references). An abstract of 100 words or less should be included with no subdivison of text into sections. A maximum of 20 References should be included and formatted as above. A total of three tables and/or figures are allowed.


A hypothesis article should be a balanced and insightful consideration of a topic with novel hypotheses well presented and supported. The article should be prepared as a Research Report but without Methods or Results sections. 

Book Reviews 

Book reviews should be 750 words or less and without sections. Suggestions can be proposed to the Co-Editors.

Letters to the Editor 

Authors can submit Letters of 1000 words or less concerning prior articles published in Brain Plasticity to the Co-Editors through the Editorial Office


Commentaries can be around 1000 words with an abstract and no other subdivisions.


In cover letter:

  • Name, postal address, phone number and e-mail address of the corresponding author.
  • Name of an Co-Editor with expertise in the area of the study (if no Co-Editor is suitable, the Editorial Office will handle the submission).
  • Statement that all authors have contributed to the work, agree with the presented findings, and that the work has not been published before nor is being considered for publication in another journal.
  • A list of at least 4-6 potential reviewers knowledgeable in the area of the study and potential reviewer conflicts.
  • Statement that procedures involving experiments on human subjects are done in accord with the ethical standards of the Committee on Human Experimentation of the institution in which the experiments were done or in accord with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975.
  • Statement that procedures involving experimentation on animal subjects are done in accord with either the guide of the institution in which the experiments were done, or with the National Research Council's guide for the care and use of laboratory animals.

In manuscript:

  • Compliance with guidelines on human experimentation as well as protocol approval by a local Institutional Review Board should be specified.
  • Compliance with guidelines of animal experimentation as well as protocol approval by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee should be specified.
  • Statement of all financial and material support for this research and any potential conflicts should also be clearly identified in the Acknowledgment and Conflict of Interest sections. If there is no Conflict-of-Interest then still add this statement.


Resubmissions should include the manuscript number and a reference that the paper is a revision. The point-by-point response to the previous reviews should be included at the top of the manuscript.

Financial Disclosure

All affiliations with or financial involvement (e.g., employment, consultancies, honoraria, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, grants or patents received or pending, royalties) with any organization or entity with a financial interest in or in financial competition with the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript are completely disclosed in the letter of submission. All financial and material support for this research and work are clearly identified in the manuscript including listing of support specified in the letter of submission that might constitute or give the appearance of influencing the findings, based on the judgment of the Editor-in-Chief in consultation with the Associate Editor handling the review of the manuscript.


Accepted articles will be placed online as "pre-press" articles two weeks after acceptance. The corresponding author will receive the PDF proof around the same time, and is asked to check this proof carefully (the publisher will execute a cursory check only). Corrections other than printer's errors should be avoided. Costs arising from excessive corrections will be charged to the authors. The pre-press file will remain as the uncorrected proof version until the article is published in an issue and the final published version replaces the pre-press file.

Policy regarding Funding Agencies’ Access Policy mandate (PubMed Central)

Brain Plasticity is a full Open Access journal, which helps authors to comply with major funder mandates. Because Brain Plasticity is a newly-launched journal it is currently not yet able to deposit articles directly into Pubmed Central for the author, and the author must do this themselves. IOS Press grants authors permission to freely deposit the published PDF to PubMed Central and affiliated repositories after final publication in an issue with no embargo period. The guidelines for PubMed Central submission can be found here (follow Submission Method C). As soon as Brain Plasticity has passed the Pubmed Central application review, IOS Press will be able to deposit the articles for the authors directly on publication, and these instructions will be updated accordingly. Of course it is a priority to the Editors and Publisher to have this journal listed into Pubmed Central as soon as possible to optimize our service to our authors.

If requested by the author, Research Councils UK (RCUK) and Wellcome Trust funded Open Access articles will be published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY). After acceptance of their article, the author should send a separate message to the publisher at to notify that their article (include reference number) should be published Open Access under the RCUK mandate. An extra fee applies for CC-BY publications. Here also the author must make the deposit to Pubmed Central themselves using Submission Method C until Brain Plasticity has been accepted by Pubmed Central.


Copyright of your article

Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that they have read and agreed to the terms of the IOS Press Author Copyright Agreement.

Quoting from other publications 

An author, when quoting from someone else's work or when considering reproducing figures or table from a book or journal article, should make sure that he is not infringing a copyright. Although in general an author may quote from other published works, he should obtain permission from the holder of the copyright if he wishes to make substantial extracts or to reproduce tables, plates or other figures. If the copyright holder is not the author of the quoted or reproduced material, it is recommended that the permission of the author should also be sought. Material in unpublished letters and manuscripts is also protected and must not be published unless permission has been obtained. Submission of a paper will be interpreted as a statement that the author has obtained all the necessary permission. A suitable acknowledgement of any borrowed material must always be made.

Quoting from Brain Plasticity  

Permissions for use of materials published in Brain Plasticity (figures, tables, thesis publication) can be requested at


Complimentary copy 

The articles will be freely available in the online contents and can be used according to the CC-BY-NC (non-commercial) license. There is no embargo period.

How to order reprints, journals, or IOS Press books

An order form for reprints and additional journal copies will be provided along with the pdf proof. If you wish to order reprints of an earlier published article, please contact the publisher for a quotation. IOS Press, Fax: +31 20 6870039. Email:

An author is entitled to 25% discount on IOS Press books. See Author's Discount (25%) on all IOS Press book publications.


Authors of published articles (non-prepress, final articles) will be contacted by Kudos. Kudos is a service that helps researchers maximize the impact and visibility of their research. It allows authors to enrich their articles with lay metadata, add links to related materials and promote their articles through the Kudos system to a wider public. Authors will receive no more than three emails: one invitation and a maximum of two reminders to register for the service and link the published article to their profile. Using and registering for Kudos remains entirely optional. For more information, please have a look at our authors section.


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Pubmed Central

Aerobic Exercise Training Linked to Enhanced Brain Function in Adults at Risk for Alzheimer's Disease

03 Feb 2020 - Amsterdam, NL – Individuals at risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD) because of family history or genetic predisposition who engaged in six months of aerobic exercise training improved their brain glucose metabolism and higher-order thinking abilities (e.g., planning and mental flexibility) called executive function; these improvements occurred in conjunction with increased cardiorespiratory fitness. The results of this study are published in a special issue of Brain Plasticity devoted to Exercise and Cognition....

High and Low Exercise Intensity Found to Influence Brain Function Differently

30 Jan 2020 - Amsterdam, NL – A new study shows for the first time that low and high exercise intensities differentially influence brain function. Using resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (Rs-fMRI), a noninvasive technique that allows for studies on brain connectivity, researchers discovered that low-intensity exercise triggers brain networks involved in cognition control and attention processing, while high-intensity exercise primarily activates networks involved in affective/emotion processing. The results appear in a special issue of Brain Plasticity devoted to Exercise and Cognition....

Experts Review Evidence Yoga is Good for the Brain

16 Dec 2019 - Champaign, IL, USA – Scientists have known for decades that aerobic exercise strengthens the brain and contributes to the growth of new neurons, but few studies have examined how yoga affects the brain. A review of the science finds evidence that yoga enhances many of the same brain structures and functions that benefit from aerobic exercise....

Experts Explore the Role of Neurogenesis in Brain Disorders

28 Nov 2018 - Amsterdam, NL – Mutations in genes or environmental insults that alter neurogenesis, the growth and development of neurons, are the cause of many neurological and psychiatric disorders. This special issue of Brain Plasticity focuses on the role of neurogenesis in brain disorders....

Can a Single Exercise Session Benefit Your Brain?

12 Jun 2017 - Amsterdam, NL – In a new review of the effects of acute exercise published in Brain Plasticity, researchers not only summarize the behavioral and cognitive effects of a single bout of exercise, but also summarize data from a large number of neurophysiological and neurochemical studies in both humans and animals showing the wide range of brain changes that result from a single session of physical exercise (i.e., acute exercise).

2017 Neuroscience & Neurology brochure available

06 Jun 2017 - IOS Press Neuroscience & Neurology brochure...

New Neuroscience & Neurology Brochure Available

01 Apr 2016 - Journals and Books...

Can Physical Exercise Enhance Long-Term Memory?

25 Nov 2015 - Exercise can enhance the development of new brain cells in the adult brain, a process called adult neurogenesis. These newborn brain cells play an important role in learning and memory. A new study has determined that mice that spent time running on wheels not only developed twice the normal number of new neurons, but also showed an increased ability to distinguish new objects from familiar objects. These results are published in the first issue of Brain Plasticity, a new journal from IOS Press....