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Special Issue of NeuroRehabilitation Investigates the Effectiveness of Treatment for Individuals with Brain Injury or Stroke

July 20, 2016
In the current issue of NeuroRehabilitation leading researchers explore the effectiveness of several neurorehabilitation treatments for individuals with brain injury or stroke. A number of published articles have covered the issue of efficacy of neurorehabilitation, but only a few have discussed the issue of effectiveness.

“The goal of this special issue is to present real world applications of neurorehabilitation that showcase a diverse spectrum of effective therapeutic interventions after brain injury and stroke,” explained guest editor Rick Parente, PhD, Professor, Psychology Department, Towson University, Towson, MD, USA. “The characteristics of these therapies that make them effective are that they are adaptable, measurable, and they provide gains that are tangible for patients and family members. All of these therapies are evidence based, which makes them excellent candidates for future research and development.”

The Editors-in-Chief of NeuroRehabilitation, Nathan D. Zasler, MD, FAAPM&R, and Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, PhD, ABPP, have selected three articles that represent the advances in neurorehabilitation that contribute to patient care. These articles have been made freely available online as a service to the neurorehabilitation community.

Goodwin, Lincoln and Bateman evaluate whether a holistic neuropsychological rehabilitation program reduced reported symptoms of everyday dysexecutive behavior and carer strain. They also assessed whether aetiology interacts with the effects of rehabilitation. “Neuropsychological rehabilitation is effective in reducing client and carer reports of dysexecutive behaviors and carer strain. Rehabilitation can benefit clients with acquired brain injury and their families, even after the spontaneous recovery period. Also implicated is the importance of considering aetiology in practice,” they commented. Their findings highlight the importance of service evaluation to assure efficacy of rehabilitation.

Nickels and Osborne look at how a treatment for aphasia that has a strong evidence base can be implemented cost-effectively by speech and language therapists. “Constraint Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of aphasia, but clinicians have expressed concern regarding how far CIAT was practical to implement in clinical practice,” they explained. They examine whether a more clinically viable form of CIAT is possible.

Shaw investigates the effectiveness of cognitive remediation strategies, as well as their efficacy in a range of settings, particularly in school. “As traumatic brain injury (TBI) survivors spend a majority of their time in school, school personnel should be trained and prepared to continue the rehabilitation process. Schools are also agents for successful community reintegration. Most importantly, with increased problem-solving abilities and social coping skills, TBI survivors will more successfully reintegrate into the community,” she commented.

Full contents of the current issue of NeuroRehabilitation are available at http://content.iospress.com/journals/neurorehabilitation/39/1   

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NOTES FOR EDITORS
Full text of the articles is available to credentialed journalists. Contact Diana Murray, IOS Press, at +1 718 640-5678, d.murray@iospress.com to obtain full text of the articles listed below. Journalists wishing to request interviews with the guest editor or authors should contact Dr. Rick Parente at fparente@towson.edu.

Special Feature: Effectiveness of Neurorehabilitation Treatment for Individuals with Brain Injury or Stroke
NeuroRehabilitation: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 39(1), July 2016
Guest Editor: Rick Parente, PhD, Towson University, Towson, MD, USA

Featured Articles:
“Effectiveness of Neurorehabilitation Treatment for Individuals with Brain Injury or Stroke: Editorial,” Rick Parente

“Restoring one’s language edifice: A case study of long-term effects of intensive aphasia therapy,” David Anaki, Rosalind Goldenberg, Haim Devisheim, Diana Rosenfelder, Lou Falik and Idit Harif

“Significance of the Feuerstein approach in neurocognitive rehabilitation,” Jo Lebeer       

“Self-Appraisal:  Estimates of Intellectual Performance for Persons with Acquired Brain Injury,” Grace-Anna S. Chaney and Rick Parente

“Efficacy of Self-Perception after Traumatic Brain Injury,” Megan English, Maria E. St. Pierre, Anita Delahay and Rick Parente           

“Dysexecutive symptoms and carer strain following acquired brain injury: changes measured before and after holistic neuropsychological rehabilitation,” Rachel A. Goodwin, Nadina B. Lincoln and Andrew Bateman (openly available)

“Selection and Visualisation of Outcome Measures for Complex Post-Acute Acquired Brain Injury Rehabilitation Interventions,” Catherine Elaine Longworth Ford, Donna Malley, Andrew Bateman, Isabel C.H. Clare, Adam P. Wagner and Fergus Gracey

“The impact of group therapy on word retrieval in people with chronic aphasia,” Lyndsey Nickels, Belinda McDonald and Catherine Mason

“Constraint Induced Aphasia Therapy: Volunteer-led, unconstrained and less intense delivery can be effective,” Lyndsey Nickels and Amanda Osborne (openly available)           

“Seeing red: Relearning to read in a case of Balint’s Syndrome,” Anita Rose, Barbara A. Wilson, Rumen Manolov and Gerhard Florschutz

“A Systematic Review of Pediatric Cognitive Rehabilitation in the Elementary and Middle School Systems,” Dorothy R. Shaw (openly available)

“Efficacy of Legal Judgements for Defendants with Traumatic Brain Injury,” Maria E. St. Pierre and Rick Parente

“Effectiveness of Animal Assisted Therapy After Brain Injury : A Bridge To Improved Outcomes in CRT,” Mary Stapleton

“Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Post Stroke Aphasia and Primary Progressive Aphasia: Current Knowledge and Future Clinical Applications,” Rajani Sebastian, Kyrana Tsapkini and Donna C. Tippett

“Perspective training to treat anger problems after brain injury: Two case studies,” Jill Winegardner, Clare Keohane, Leyla Prince and Dawn Neumann

“Treatments and technologies in the rehabilitation of Apraxia and Action Disorganisation Syndrome: A review,” Andrew Worthington

ABOUT NEUROREHABILITATION: AN INTERDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL
NeuroRehabilitation; An Interdisciplinary Journal is an international journal that emphasizes publication of scientifically based, practical information relevant to all aspects of neurologic rehabilitation. Founded in 1991, it features peer-reviewed articles that are interdisciplinary in nature and cover the full life span and range of neurological disabilities including stroke, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, neuromuscular disease, and other neurological disorders.  Information is intended for an interdisciplinary audience.  Issues of the journal are thematically organized. Themes have focused on specific clinical disorders, types of therapy, and age groups. 

ABOUT IOS PRESS
Commencing its publishing activities in 1987, IOS Press is headquartered in Amsterdam with satellite offices in the USA, Germany, India and China and serves the information needs of scientific and medical communities worldwide. IOS Press now publishes over 100 international journals and about 75 book titles each year on subjects ranging from computer sciences and mathematics to medicine and the natural sciences.