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Cultural Differences May Impact Neurologic and Psychiatric Rehabilitation of Spanish-Speaking Individuals

Recent Research Discussed in Themed Issue of NeuroRehabilitation

March 13, 2012
The number of people with neurological and psychiatric disorders in Spanish-speaking countries has increased over the past two decades. The February issue of NeuroRehabilitation assesses important factors that should be considered in rehabilitating Spanish-speaking individuals suffering from these disorders.

“Though much work has been done in this area for Anglo-Saxon populations, very little work has focused on Spanish-speaking individuals,” says Guest Editor Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla, PhD, of the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of Virginia Commonwealth University.  “As cultural differences may influence the rehabilitation process, this is an important area of research.” 

Many individuals with neurological or psychiatric disorders have physical, cognitive, behavioral, and/or emotional difficulties that they and their families must face, resulting in a need for rehabilitative services.  However, Spanish-speaking individuals both in the US and abroad have limited access to rehabilitation programs.  “In developing countries especially, support groups, individual psychological treatment, cognitive rehabilitation programs, vocational and financial assistance, and caregiver resources are scarce,” says Dr. Arango-Lasprilla.

Papers in the topical issue examine the development and evaluation of rehabilitation programs for Spanish-speaking individuals, looking at such important issues as vocational training to improve satisfaction with life for Hispanic patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI); cognitive rehabilitation to improve schizophrenia treatment; the use of the generation effect to improve learning and memory in Spanish-speaking individuals with TBI; a holistic neurorehabilitation program for patients with acquired brain injury; and the influence of family and caregivers on recovery from TBI. 

Two studies of particular note examine the predictors of satisfaction with life and employment, which are considered to be two of the most important outcomes associated with successful rehabilitation for individuals with TBI.

“These papers are among the first in the literature to address the unique characteristics of Spanish-speaking individuals with neurologic and psychiatric disabilities.  Collectively, the findings provide guidance to clinicians and highlight the need for further research in this area,” Dr. Arango-Lasprilla concludes. 

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Full text of the articles is available to credentialed journalists.  Contact Daphne Watrin, IOS Press, at +31 20 688 3355 or to obtain copies or request interviews with authors.

Special Issue: Spanish Speakers with Neurological and Psychiatric Disabilities: Relevant Factors Related to Rehabilitation

Guest Editor: Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla

NeuroRehabilitation: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 30(1) 2012

Table of Contents:

  • Editorial:  Spanish Speakers with Neurological and Psychiatric Disabilities: Relevant Factors Related to Rehabilitation, J.C. Arango-Lasprilla
  • Early Predictors of Employment Outcomes 1 Year Post Traumatic Brain Injury in a Population of Hispanic Individuals, J.M Ketchum et al.
  • Characteristics Associated with Satisfaction with Life 1 Year Post Traumatic Brain Injury in a Population of Hispanic Individuals, J.M. Ketchum et al.
  • Neuropsychological Rehabilitation and Quality of Life in Patients with Cognitive Impairments:  A Meta-Analysis Study in Spanish-Speaking Populations, J.Guàrdia-Olmos et al.
  • Effectiveness of Holistic Neuropsychological Rehabilitation for Spanish Population with Acquired Brain Injury Measured Using Rasch Analysis, A. Caracuel et al.
  • The Effect of Cognitive Impairment on Self-Generation in Hispanics with TBI, C.J. De los Reyes Aragón et al.
  • Efficiency of Cognitive Rehabilitation with REHACOP in Chronic Treatment Resistant Hispanic Patients, N. Ojeda et al.
  • Balancing Act: The Influence of Adaptability and Cohesion on Satisfaction and Communication in Families Facing TBI in Mexico, T.J. Lehan et al.
  • The Ties That Bind: The Relationship between Caregiver Burden and the Neuropsychological Functioning of TBI Survivors, T. Lehan et al.


NeuroRehabilitation; An Interdisciplinary Journal is an international journal that emphasizes publication of scientifically based, practical information relevant to all aspects of neurologic rehabilitation.  Founded in 1991, it features peer-reviewed articles that are interdisciplinary in nature and cover the full life span and range of neurological disabilities including stroke, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, neuromuscular disease, and other neurological disorders.  Information is intended for an interdisciplinary audience.  Issues of the journal are thematically organized.  Themes have focused on specific clinical disorders, types of therapy, and age groups.


Commencing its publishing activities in 1987, IOS Press ( serves the information needs of scientific and medical communities worldwide. IOS Press now (co-)publishes over 100 international journals and about 120 book titles each year on subjects ranging from computer sciences and mathematics to medicine and the natural sciences.

IOS Press continues its rapid growth, embracing new technologies for the timely dissemination of information. All journals are available electronically and an e-book platform was launched in 2005.

Headquartered in Amsterdam with satellite offices in the USA, Germany, India and China, IOS Press has established several strategic co-publishing initiatives. Notable acquisitions included Delft University Press in 2005 and Millpress Science Publishers in 2008.

Daphne Watrin
IOS Press
Tel: +31 20 688 3355
Fax: +31 20 687 0019