Intelligent Decision Technologies
An International Journal


Authors are requested to submit their manuscript electronically to one of the Editors-in-Chief:

Prof. Dr. Lakhmi C. Jain


Prof. Dr. Gloria Phillips-Wren

Colour figures
It is possible to have figures printed in colour, provided the cost of their reproduction is paid for by the author. See Preparation of Manuscripts for the required file formats.

Organization of the paper and style of presentation
Manuscripts must be written in English. Authors whose native language is not English are advised to seek the advice of a native English speaker, before submitting their manuscripts.

You can also visit International Science Editing offers a language and copyediting service to all scientists who want to publish their manuscript in scientific peer-reviewed periodicals and books.

Manuscripts should be prepared with wide margins and double spacing throughout, including the abstract, footnotes and references. Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc., should be numbered. However, in the text no reference should be made to page numbers; if necessary, one may refer to sections. Try to avoid the excessive use of italics and bold face.

Manuscripts should be organized in the following order:
  • Title page
  • Body of text (divided by subheadings)
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Tables
  • Figure captions
  • Figures
  • Headings and subheadings should be numbered and typed on a separate line, without indentation.

    SI units should be used, i.e., the units based on the metre, kilogramme, second, etc.

    Title page
    The title page should provide the following information:
  • Title (should be clear, descriptive and not too long)
  • Name(s) of author(s); please indicate who is the corresponding author
  • Full affiliation(s)
  • Present address of author(s), if different from affiliation
  • Complete address of corresponding author, including tel. no., fax no. and e-mail address
  • Abstract; should be clear, descriptive, self-explanatory and not longer than 200 words, it should also be suitable for publication in abstracting services
  • Keywords
  • Tables
    Number as Table 1, Table 2 etc, and refer to all of them in the text.

    Each table should be provided on a separate page of the manuscript. Tables should not be included in the text.

    Each table should have a brief and self-explanatory title.

    Column headings should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory. Standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be added between parentheses.

    Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Leave some extra space between the columns instead.

    Any explanations essential to the understanding of the table should be given in footnotes at the bottom of the table.

    For citations in the text, numbers between square brackets should be used. All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references following the text of the manuscript.
    References should be listed alphabetically in the following style:
    [1] B. Newman and E.T. Liu, Perspective on BRCA1, Breast Disease 10 (1998), 3-10.
    [2] D.F. Pilkey, Happy conservation laws, in: Neural Stresses, J. Frost, ed., Controlled Press, Georgia, 1995, pp. 332-391.
    [3] E. Wilson, Active vibration analysis of thin-walled beams, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Virginia, 1991.

    Footnotes should only be used if absolutely essential. In most cases it is possible to incorporate the information in the text.
  • If used, they should be numbered in the text, indicated by superscript numbers and kept as short as possible.


    Number figures as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, etc and refer to all of them in the text.

    Each figure should be provided on a separate sheet. Figures should not be included in the text.

    Colour figures can be included, provided the cost of their reproduction is paid for by the author.

    For the file formats of the figures please take the following into account:

  • Line art should be have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi, save as EPS or TIFF
  • Grayscales (incl photos) should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi (no lettering), or 500 dpi (when there is lettering); save as tiff
  • Do not save figures as JPEG, this format may lose information in the process
  • Do not use figures taken from the Internet, the resolution will be too low for printing
  • Do not use colour in your figures if they are to be printed in black & white, as this will reduce the print quality (note that in software often the default is colour, you should change the settings)
  • For figures that should be printed in colour, please send a CMYK encoded EPS or TIFF
  • Figures should be designed with the format of the page of the journal in mind. They should be of such a size as to allow a reduction of 50%.

    On maps and other figures where a scale is needed, use bar scales rather than numerical ones, i.e., do not use scales of the type 1:10,000. This avoids problems if the figures need to be reduced.

    Each figure should have a self-explanatory caption. The captions to all figures should be typed on a separate sheet of the manuscript.

    Photographs are only acceptable if they have good contrast and intensity.

    Copyright of your article
    Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that they have read and agreed to the terms of the IOS Press Author Copyright Agreement.

    Quoting from other publications
    An author, when quoting from someone else's work or when considering reproducing figures or table from a book or journal article, should make sure that he is not infringing a copyright. Although in general an author may quote from other published works, he should obtain permission from the holder of the copyright if he wishes to make substantial extracts or to reproduce tables, plates or other figures. If the copyright holder is not the author of the quoted or reproduced material, it is recommended that the permission of the author should also be sought. Material in unpublished letters and manuscripts is also protected and must not be published unless permission has been obtained. Submission of a paper will be interpreted as a statement that the author has obtained all the necessary permission. A suitable acknowledgement of any borrowed material must always be made.

    PDF Proofs
    The corresponding author will receive a pdf proof and is asked to check this proof carefully (the publisher will execute a cursory check only). Corrections other than printer's errors, however, should be avoided. Costs arising from such corrections will be charged to the authors.

    How to order reprints, a pdf file, journals, or IOS Press books
    The corresponding author of a contribution to the journal is entitled to receive 1 copy of the journal free of charge, unless otherwise stated. Free copies will not be provided for conference proceedings and abstract issues. An order form for reprints, additional journal copies or a pdf file will be provided along with the pdf proof.

    If you wish to order reprints of an earlier published article, please contact the publisher for a quotation. IOS Press, Fax: +31 20 6870039. Email:

    An author is entitled to 25 % discount on IOS Press books. See Author's discount (25%) on all IOS Press book publications.

  • IOS Press
    Nieuwe Hemweg 6B, 1013 BG Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Tel.: +31 20 688 3355, Fax: +31 20 687 0019