A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation

impact factor 2012 0.513
ISSN print
ISSN online
47-49; 12 issues
Last issue (47:3) online on 17 March 2014
Next issue
47:4 scheduled for April 2014
Back volumes
Rehabilitation & Assistive Technology
Institutional subscription for 2014 €940 / US$1245 Excluding VAT
Subscription Rates Free Sample Copy
Share this journal

Twitter: @WORK_Journal
Proceedings of the 18th World Congress on Ergonomics 2012 are published in WORK and freely accessible. Please click here and enjoy more than 1000 articles!

WORK: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation is an interdisciplinary, international journal which publishes high quality peer-reviewed manuscripts covering the entire scope of the occupation of work. The journal's subtitle has been deliberately laid out: The first goal is the prevention of illness, injury, and disability. When this goal is not achievable, the attention focuses on assessment to design client-centered intervention, rehabilitation, treatment, or controls that use scientific evidence to support best practice. WORK occasionally publishes thematic issues, but in general, issues cover a wide range of topics such as ergonomic considerations with children, youth and students, the challenges facing an aging workforce, workplace violence, injury management, performing artists, ergonomic product evaluations, and the awareness of the political, cultural, and environmental determinants of health related to work.

Dr. Karen Jacobs, the founding editor, and her editorial board especially encourage the publication of research studies, clinical practice, case study reports, as well as personal narratives and critical reflections of lived work experiences (autoethnographic/autobiographic scholarship), Sounding Board commentaries and Speaking of Research articles which provide the foundation for better understanding research to facilitate knowledge dissemination. Narrative Reflections on Occupational Transitions, a new column, is for persons who have successfully transitioned into, between, or out of occupations to tell their stories in a narrative form. With an internationally renowned editorial board, WORK maintains high standards in the evaluation and publication of manuscripts. All manuscripts are reviewed expeditiously and published in a timely manner.WORK prides itself on being an author-friendly journal.

WORK celebrated its 20th anniversary in 2010.

*WORK is affiliated with the Canadian Association of Occupational Therapist (CAOT)*
*WORK is endorsed by the International Ergonomics Association (IEA)*
*WORK gives out the yearly Cheryl Bennett Best Paper Award*

Karen Jacobs
Boston University
Sargent College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences
635 Commonwealth Avenue
Boston, MA 02215
Tel.: +1 617 353 7516
Fax: +1 617 353 2926

Editor's Assistant
Elizabeth Auth

Regional Editor
Japan, East Asia, Australia and New Zealand
Emiko Kikuchi
Department of Occupational Therapy
Faculty of Medical Health. Sciences,
Teikyo Heisei University
2-51-4 Higashiikebukuro Toshima-ku
Tokyo 170-8445
Tel.: +81 3 5843 3115 (Office)

Speaking of Research Editor
Phillip D. Rumrill Jr.
Kent State University
414 White Hall
Kent, OH 44242-0001

Knowledge Transfer: Making Information Work
Lynn Shaw
School of Occupational Therapy
Faculty of Health Sciences
The University of Western Ontario
London, ON N6H 1G1

Moving Forward: Narratives in Transition
Karen Jacobs, EdD, OTR/L, CPE, FAOTA

Editorial Board
T.J. Albin, USA
D. Andrews, Canada
N. Baker, USA
C. Bartley, United Kingdom
H.C. Biggs, Australia
V. Blewett, Australia
G. Bloom, USA
D. Bloswick, USA
C. Chan, China
A. Chiang, Taiwan
M.L. Ciccarelli, Australia
M. Cifuentes, USA
C. Cook, Australia
B. Dasari, United Kingdom
N. Doyle, USA
B.G. Einarsson, Iceland
E. Elias, USA
T.F. Fisher, USA
G. Goodman, USA
J. Gupta, USA
C. Harris, Australia
A. Hedge, USA
E. Innes, Australia
K. Jayaratne, Sri Lanka
J. Kaldenberg, USA
P.M. King, USA
L.C. Koch, USA
D.L. Lee, USA
J.J. Levy, USA
R. Leyshon, Canada
C. Li, China
D. Lindstrom-Hazel, USA
J. Long, Australia
N. MacRae, USA
H.M. Madill, Canada
R.V. Maikala, USA
L. Matheson, USA
H. McLoone, USA
R. Mehta, USA
C.C. Menendez, USA
A. Merryweather, USA
L.L. Miller, Canada
L. Niemeyer, USA
R.J. Perla, USA
B. Prodinger, Switzerland
N. Ratzon, Israel
V. Rice, USA
S.C. Roll, USA
I. Söderback, Sweden
M. Sanders, USA
L. Shaw, Canada
T.A. Stamm, Austria
D.R. Strauser, USA
A. Svajger, Slovenia
G.M. Szirony, USA
D. Tang, China
P.L. Weiss, Israel
A.A. Wilcock, Australia
A. Woodcock, United Kingdom


Instructions to Authors

New Column Work Transition Narratives:

At a workshop, Work Transitions in the 21st Century – Advancing Occupational Justice, held in London Ontario in 2009, the editor of WORK, Karen Jacobs presented her idea for a regular column dealing with occupational transitions. Her vision was to provide a forum for individuals to tell their own stories of how successful transitions were accomplished. The goal was to pass solutions and resolutions on to the WORK readership.  

All readers are invited to submit to the new column titled Work Transition Narratives. The intent of the column is for clients who have successfully transitioned into, between, or out of occupations to tell their stories in narrative form. Authors are asked to follow the basic format outlined below.

Story Format
Description of life prior to transition

Catalyst leading to the need for transition
Life after transition
Factors that made the transition successful
End article by asking readers to consider or reflect on certain points 

Stories should be 3-5 double spaced pages. References are not required unless specific reference is made to anything in text.

Submit manuscript to:
Lynn Shaw
School of Occupational Therapy
Faculty of Health Sciences
Western University Canada

Submission of manuscripts:

Authors are requested to submit their manuscript electronically to the Editor’s Assistant, Elizabeth Auth.

Preparation of manuscripts:

1.         Manuscripts must be written in English.  Authors whose native language is not in English are recommended to seek the advice of a native English speaker, if possible, before submitting their manuscripts. Please use person first language; that is a person with an injury, not an injured person.

2.         Manuscripts should be typed on one side of the paper only, with wide margins and double spacing throughout.  For the electronic file of the text you may use any standard word processor.  Do not use page layout software and do not send PostScript files of the text. The preferred length of a manuscript is 20-30 pages double spaced (not including references, tables or figures), Typically, the journal only publishes data collected within the past 5 years. Include the degree to which your paper builds on and advances on knowledge published within WORK.

3.         Manuscripts should use wide margins and double spacing throughout, including the abstract, footnotes and references. Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc., should be numbered. However, in the text no reference should be made to page numbers; if necessary, one may refer to sections. Try to avoid the excessive use of italics and bold face.

4.         Manuscripts should be organized in the following order:

  • Title page
  • Introduction
  • Body of text (divided by subheadings)
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Tables
  • Figure captions
  • Figures

5.         Headings

Headings and subheadings should be numbered and typed on a separate line, without indentation. SI units should be used, i.e., the units based on the metre, kilogramme, second, etc.

6.         Title page

  • The title page should provide the following information:
  • Title (should be clear, descriptive and not too long)
  • Name(s) of author(s); please indicate who is the corresponding author
  • Full affiliation(s)
  • Present address of author(s), if different from affiliation
  • Complete address of corresponding author, including tel. no., fax no. and e-mail address
  • Abstract
  • Keywords (3-5 words not in your title) 

7.         Abstract

The abstract should be clear, descriptive, self-explanatory and not longer than 200 words, it should also be suitable for publication in abstracting services.
The abstract for research papers should follow the “structured abstract” format. Section labels should be in bold uppercase letters followed by a colon, and each section will begin on a new line.

8.         Tables

  • Tables should be numbered according to their sequence in the text. The text should include references to all tables.
  • Each table should be provided on a separate page of the manuscript. Tables should never be included in the text.
  • Each table should have a brief and self-explanatory title.
  • Column headings should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory. Standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be added between parentheses.
  • Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Leave some extra space between the columns instead.
  • Any explanations essential to the understanding of the table should be given in footnotes at the bottom of the table.
  • Table captions should be provided all together on a separate sheet.

9.         Figures

  • Figures should be numbered according to their sequence in the text. The text should include references to all figures.
  • Each figure should be provided on a separate sheet. Figures should not be included in the text.
  • Color figures can be included, provided the cost of their reproduction is paid for by the author.
  • For the file formats of the figures please take the following into account: line art should be have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi, save as EPS or TIFF grayscales (incl photos) should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi (no lettering), or 500 dpi (when there is lettering); save as tiff do not save figures as JPEG, this format may lose information in the process; do not use figures taken from the Internet, the resolution will be too low for printing; do not use colors in your figures if they should be printed in black & white, because this will reduce the print quality (note that in software often the default is color, you should change the settings)
  • For figures that should be printed in color, please send both a hard copy (to be used for the paper publication), and a CMYK encoded EPS or TIFF (used for the electronic publication)
  • Each figure should be identified by its number. If necessary, indicate top or bottom of figure.
  • Figures should be designed with the format of the page of the journal in mind. They should be of such a size as to allow a reduction of 50 %.
  • On maps and other figures where a scale is needed, use bar scales rather than numerical ones, i.e., do not use scales of the type 1:10,000. This avoids problems if the figures need to be reduced.
  • Each figure should have a self-explanatory caption. The captions to all figures should be typed on a separate sheet of the manuscript.
  • Photographs are only acceptable if they have good contrast and intensity
  • Each illustration should be provided on a separate sheet.  Illustrations should not be included in the text.  The original drawings (no photocopies) are required.  Electronic files of illustrations should preferably be formatted in Encapsulated PostScript Format.
  • Footnotes should be kept to a minimum, and they should be provided all together on a separate sheet.

10.            References

The reference style for WORK is Vancouver style

1. Place citations as numbers in square brackets in the text. All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references following the text of the manuscript. Only articles published or accepted for publication should be listed in the reference list. Submitted articles can be listed in the text as (author(s), unpublished data).

2. All authors should be listed in the reference list.

3. References must be listed in Vancouver style:

[1] Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, Kochanek PM, Graham SH. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002; 935(12): 406.
[2] Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.
[3] Berkow R, Fletcher AJ, editors. The Merck manual of diagnosis and therapy. 16th ed. Rahway (NJ): Merck Research Laboratories; 1992.
[4] Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGrawHill; 2002. p. 93113.
[5] Canadian Cancer Society [homepage on the Internet]. Toronto: The Society; 2006 [updated 2006 May 12; cited 2006 Oct 17]. Available from:

11.       Footnotes

  • Footnotes should only be used if absolutely essential. In most cases it is possible to incorporate the information in the text.
  • If used, they should be numbered in the text, indicated by superscript numbers and kept as short as possible 

12.       Copyright

Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if their paper is accepted for publication, copyright in the article, including the right to reproduce the article in all forms and media, shall be assigned exclusively to the Publisher.

13.       Quoting from other publications

An author, when quoting from someone else's work or when considering reproducing a figures or table from a book or journal article, should make sure that he is not infringing a copyright.

Although in general an author may quote from other published works, he should obtain permission from the holder of the copyright if he wishes to make substantial extracts or to reproduce tables, plates or other figures. If the copyright holder is not the author of the quoted or reproduced material, it is recommended that the permission of the author should also be sought. Material in unpublished letters and manuscripts is also protected and must not be published unless permission has been obtained. Submission of a paper will be interpreted as a statement that the author has obtained all the necessary permission. A suitable acknowledgement of any borrowed material must always be made.] 

14.       Proofs

The corresponding author is asked to check the galley proofs (the publisher will execute a cursory check only). Corrections other than printer's errors, however, should be avoided. Costs arising from such corrections will be charged to the authors.

15.       PDF Author's Copy

The corresponding author of a contribution to the journal will receive a complimentary PDF Author’s Copy of the article, unless otherwise stated. This PDF copy is watermarked and for personal use only. A free PDF copy will not be provided for conference proceedings and abstract issues.

16.      How to order offprints, reprints, pdf, extra journals, books

An order form for a PDF file without watermark, reprints or journal copies will be provided along with the PDF proof.
If you wish to order reprints of an earlier published article, please contact the publisher for a quotation.
IOS Press, Fax: +31 20 687 0019. Email:

An author is entitled to 25 % discount on IOS Press books. See Author's discount (25%) on all IOS Press book publications.

17.       Open Access Option

The IOS Press Open Library® offers authors an Open Access (OA) option. By selecting the OA option, the article will be freely available from the moment it is published, also in the pre-press module. In the Open Library® the article processing charges are paid in the form of an Open Access Fee. Authors will receive an Open Access Order Form upon acceptance of their article. Open Access is entirely optional.
See also our website for more information about this option IOS Press Open Library®.

CSA Illumina
Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) Plus
Current Contents/Social and Behavioral Sciences
EBSCO Databases
Environment Complete
Ergonomics Abstracts
Health & Safety Science Abstracts
Inspec IET
Journal Citation Reports/Social Sciences Edition
Microsoft Academic Search
Social Scisearch

Checklists Can Effectively Assess Work-Related Risk of Musculoskeletal Injuries

11 Oct 2012 - A new paper by Thomas J. Albin, PE, CPE, of High Plains Engineering Services in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, confirms that observational assessment tools, often called checklists, used to assess risk factors such as wrist extension and motion repetition, can be valid tools in identifying work-related risk factors for musculoskeletal injuries. Published in WORK: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment ...

Shoulder Pain from Using your iPad? Don’t Use It on Your Lap

27 Jan 2012 - The sudden popularity of tablet computers such as the Apple iPad® has not allowed for the development of guidelines to optimize users’ comfort and well-being. In a new study published in WORK: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation, researchers from Harvard School of Public Health, Microsoft Corporation, and Brigham and Women’s Hospital report that head and neck posture durin...