Applied Ontology

An Interdisciplinary Journal of Ontological Analysis and Conceptual Modeling

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Applied Ontology
impact factor 2015 0.615
ISSN print
1570-5838
ISSN online
1875-8533
Volume
11; 4 issues
Status
Last issue (11:1) online on 22 March 2016
Next issue
11:2 scheduled for June 2016
Back volumes
1-10
Subject
Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive Science, Computer & Communication Sciences, Medical Informatics, Semantic Web
Institutional subscription for 2016 €505 / US$670 Excluding VAT
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Special Tenth Anniversary Issue online: http://content.iospress.com/journals/applied-ontology/10/3-4

Call for Papers Special Issue on Sensor Ontologies, guest-edited by Werner Kuhn and Barry Smith: click here for details.

Applied Ontology is affiliated with the International Association for Ontology and its Applications (IAOA).
International Association for Ontology and its Applications (IAOA)
In recent years, the dramatic growth of information and communication technologies has led to an increasingly interdisciplinary approach to research and development activities in these fields. To exploit the immense opportunities of widespread networks effectively, designers of modern information systems need to combine the precision of formal semantics with the needs of cognitive transparency, as they incorporate increasingly sophisticated and heterogeneous information content. The recent explosion of interest on ontologies is an important component of this trend. Researchers in disciplines such as knowledge engineering, information systems modeling, artificial intelligence, formal and computational linguistics, information retrieval, library science, and knowledge management have come to realize that a solid foundation for their research calls for serious work in ontology, understood as a general theory of the types of entities and relations that make up their respective domains of inquiry. In all these areas, attention has started to focus squarely on the content of information, rather than on just the formats and languages used to represent that content.

Applied Ontology focuses on information content in its broadest sense. As the subtitle makes clear, two broad kinds of content-based research activities are envisioned: ontological analysis and conceptual modeling. The former includes any attempt to investigate the nature and structure of a domain of interest using rigorous philosophical or logical tools; the latter concerns the cognitive and linguistic structures we use to model the world, as well as the various analysis tools and methodologies we adopt for producing useful computational models, such as information systems schemes or knowledge structures.

Applied Ontology is the first journal with explicit and exclusive focus on ontological analysis and conceptual modeling under an interdisciplinary view. It aims to establish a unique niche in the realm of scientific journals by carefully avoiding unnecessary duplication with discipline-oriented journals. For this reason, authors will be encouraged to use language that will be intelligible also to those outside their specific sector of expertise, and the review process will be tailored to this end. For example, authors of theoretical contributions will be encouraged to show the relevance of their theory for applications, while authors of more technological papers will be encouraged to show the relevance of a well-founded theoretical perspective. Moreover, the journal will publish papers focusing on representation languages or algorithms only where these address relevant content issues, whether at the level of practical application or of theoretical understanding. Similarly, it will publish descriptions of tools or implemented systems only where a contribution to the practice of ontological analysis and conceptual modeling is clearly established.

Applied Ontology aims at being a major publication forum for theoretical and applied research in a variety of topics, tentatively grouped together in research areas, examples of which are indicated in the list below.

Foundational issues
• Philosophical foundations of ontology
• Basic ontological categories and relations
• Ontology, epistemology, and semiotics

Specialized ontologies
• Ontology of time, events and processes
• Ontology of space and geography
• Ontology of physics and physical objects
• Ontology of biomedicine
• Ontology of mental entities
• Ontology of agents and actions
• Ontology of organizations and social reality
• Ontology of the information society
• Ontology of business and e-commerce
• Ontology of law
• Ontology of history, culture and evolution

Ontology development and ontology-driven conceptual modeling
• Methodologies for ontology development
• Impact of ontological analysis on current modeling practices
• Best-practice examples and case studies

Ontology management
• Tools for ontology development, analysis and comparison
• Comparison and evaluation of ontologies
• Ontology management, maintenance, versioning
• Methodologies for ontology merging, alignment, and integration
• Semantic Web

Ontology and language
• Ontology and natural-language semantics
• Ontology and lexical resources
• Ontology and terminology
• Ontology learning techniques and their evaluation
• Role of ontology in natural-language systems

Ontology, cognition, perception
• Conceptual schemas, perceptual invariances and ontological categorization
• Psychological experiments evaluating the cognitive adequacy of ontological categories

Ontology and content standards
• Library science
• Knowledge organization
• Museums and cultural repositories
• Multimedia content
• Product descriptions
• Process and service descriptions
• Biomedical and other scientific terminologies

Innovative ontology-based applications
Editors-in-Chief Nicola Guarino National Research Council Institute for Cognitive Sciencies and Technologies (ISTC-CNR) Laboratory for Applied Ontology (LOA) Via alla Cascata, 56/C 38123 Trento Italy Tel.: +39 0461 314871 Email: nicola.guarino [@] loa.istc.cnr [dot] it
Mark A. Musen Stanford University Stanford Center for Biomedical Informatics Research 1265 Welch Road, MSOB X-215 Stanford, CA 94305-5479 USA Tel.: +1 650 725 3390 Email: musen [@] stanford [dot] edu Associate Editors John A. Bateman Bremen University, Germany Roberta Ferrario ISTC-CNR, Trento, Italy Antony Galton University of Exeter, United Kingdom Michael Gruninger University of Toronto, Canada Giancarlo Guizzardi Federal University of Espírito Santo, Brazil Leo Obrst The MITRE Corporation, USA Alan Rector Manchester University, United Kingdom Barry Smith State University of New York at Buffalo, USA Michael F. Uschold Reinvent Technology, Vancouver, Canada Laure Vieu IRIT-CNRS, Toulouse, France Editorial Board Bill Andersen Ontology Works Inc., USA Nathalie Aussenac-Gilles Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France Brandon Bennett University of Leeds, United Kingdom Thomas Bittner University at Buffalo, USA Olivier Bodenreider National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, USA Guido Boella University of Torino, Italy Alex Borgida Rutgers University, USA Stefano Borgo ISTC-CNR, Trento, Italy Paolo Bouquet University of Trento, Italy Joost Breuker University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands Boyan Brodaric e-Science Institute, Scotland Roberto Casati CNRS-EHESS, Paris, France Vinay Chaudhri SRI International, USA Philipp Cimiano University of Bielefeld, Germany Martin Dörr Foundation for Research and Technology, Heraklion, Greece John Domingue The Open University, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom Maureen Donnelly University at Buffalo, USA
Editorial Board (cont'd.) Christiane Fellbaum Princeton University, USA Aldo Gangemi ISTC-CNR, Rome, Italy Pawel Garbacz The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Poland Yolanda Gil University of Southern California, Marina del Rey, USA Pierre Grenon European Bioinformatics Institute, Cambridge, United Kingdom Terry Halpin LogicBlox Inc, USA Janna Hastings European Bioinformatics Institute, United Kingdom Heinrich Herre University of Leipzig, Germany Pascal Hitzler Wright State University, USA Krzysztof Janowicz University of California, Santa Barbara, USA Paul Johannesson Stockholm University, Sweden Yoshinobu Kitamura Osaka University, Japan Werner Kuhn University of California, Santa Barbara, USA Oliver Kutz Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, Italy Doug B. Lenat Cycorp, Austin, USA David M. Mark State University of New York at Buffalo, USA Claudio Masolo ISTC-CNR, Trento, Italy William E. McCarthy Michigan State University, USA Riichiro Mizoguchi Osaka University, Japan John Mylopoulos University of Toronto, Canada Natasha Noy Google Inc., USA Chris Partridge BORO Solutions, United Kingdom Oscar Pastor Lopez Valencia University of Technology, Spain Maria Teresa Pazienza University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy Massimo Poesio University of Trento, Italy Florian Probst SAP Research, Darmstadt, Germany James Pustejovsky Brandeis University, Waltham, USA Johanna Seibt Aarhus University, Denmark Yuval Shahar Ben Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, Israel Amit P. Sheth Wright State University, Dayton, USA John F. Sowa VivoMind Intelligence Inc., USA Veda Storey Georgia State University, Atlanta, USA Yair Wand University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada Assistant Editor Isabella Distinto Engineering Tributi S.p.a. and Institute for Cognitive Sciences and Technologies National Research Council Via alla Cascata 56/C 38100 Povo (Trento) Italy Tel.: +39 0461 314840 Email: isabella.distinto [@loa.istc.cnr [dotit  
Instructions to authors For detailed instructions please refer to the Applied Ontology page on the IOS Press website: http://www.iossubmissions.com/applied-ontology/content/submission-manuscripts. Submission of manuscripts Authors are requested to submit their manuscript electronically through the journal’s editorial management system at: http://www.iossubmissions.com/applied-ontology/ ("Submit Manuscript"). Correspondence concerning editorial matters as well as information regarding submissions should be sent to the assistant editor, Isabella Distinto. E-mail: isabella.distinto [@loa.istc.cnr [dotit Note that the manuscript should be uploaded as one .pdf file with tables and figures included. ATTENTION: Since 2 May 2014 the journal has started using a new submission and peer review system. If you are submitting a revision of a paper that was initially submitted before 2 May 2014 please do so via the previous system, for which you should have the details (if not please contact Isabella Distinto). Required files After the article has been accepted, the following electronic files are required: a word processor file of the text, such as Word or LateX. If using LaTex please use our LaTeX template and also send a pdf version of the LaTeX file separate files of all figures (if any); see "Preparation of manuscripts" for the required file formats. Colour figures It is possible to have figures printed in colour, provided the cost of their reproduction is paid for by the author. See Preparation of Manuscripts for the required file formats. Open Access option The IOS Press Open Library® offers authors an Open Access (OA) option. By selecting the OA option, the article will be freely available from the moment it is published, also in the pre-press module. In the Open Library® the article processing charges are paid in the form of an Open Access Fee. Authors will receive an Open Access Order Form upon acceptance of their article. Open Access is entirely optional. See also our website for more information about this option IOS Press Open Library® IOS Pre-press This journal publishes all its articles in the IOS Press Pre-Press module. By publishing articles ahead of print the latest research can be accessed much quicker. The pre-press articles are the uncorrected proof versions of the article and are published online shortly after the proof is created. Pre-press articles are fully citable by using the DOI number. As soon as the pre-press article is assigned to an issue, the author corrections will be incorporated and final bibliographic information will be added. The pre-press version will then be replaced by the updated, final version   PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPTS Organization of the paper and style of presentation Manuscripts must be written in English and American spelling should be used consistently throughout the manuscript. Authors whose native language is not English are recommended to seek the advice of a native English speaker, if possible, before submitting their manuscripts. International Science Editing offers a language and copyediting service to all scientists who want to publish their manuscript in scientific peer-reviewed periodicals and books. Manuscripts should be prepared with wide margins and double spacing throughout, including the abstract, footnotes and references. Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc., should be numbered. However, in the text no reference should be made to page numbers; if necessary, one may refer to sections. Try to avoid the excessive use of italics and bold face. Manuscripts should be organized in the following order: - Title page - Body of text (divided by subheadings) - Acknowledgements - References - Tables - Figure captions - Figures Headings and subheadings should be numbered and typed on a separate line, without indentation. SI units should be used, i.e., the units based on the metre, kilogramme, second, etc. Title page The title page should provide the following information: - Title (should be clear, descriptive and not too long) - Name(s) of author(s); please indicate who is the corresponding author - Full affiliation(s) - Present address of author(s), if different from affiliation - Complete address of corresponding author, including tel. no., fax no. and e-mail address - Abstract; should be clear, descriptive, self-explanatory and not longer than 200 words, it should also be suitable for publication in abstracting services - Keywords. Tables Number as Table 1, Table 2 etc, and refer to all of them in the text. All tables should be contained within the manuscript itself, and embedded in the text. Each table should have a brief and self-explanatory title. Column headings should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory. Standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be added between parentheses. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Leave some extra space between the columns instead. Any explanations essential to the understanding of the table should be given in footnotes at the bottom of the table. Figures Number figures as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, etc and refer to all of them in the text. All figures and other graphics should be contained within the manuscript itself, and embedded in the text. Colour figures can be included, provided the cost of their reproduction is paid for by the author. For the file formats of the figures please take the following into account: - line art should be have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi, save as EPS or TIFF - grayscales (incl photos) should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi (no lettering), or 500 dpi (when there is lettering); save as tiff - do not save figures as JPEG, this format may lose information in the process - do not use figures taken from the Internet, the resolution will be too low for printing - do not use colour in your figures if they are to be printed in black & white, as this will reduce the print quality (note that in software often the default is colour, you should change the settings) - for figures that should be printed in colour, please send a CMYK encoded EPS or TIFF Figures should be designed with the format of the page of the journal in mind. They should be of such a size as to allow a reduction of 50%. On maps and other figures where a scale is needed, use bar scales rather than numerical ones, i.e., do not use scales of the type 1:10,000. This avoids problems if the figures need to be reduced. Each figure should have a self-explanatory caption. The captions to all figures should be typed on a separate sheet of the manuscript. Photographs are only acceptable if they have good contrast and intensity. References Authors are requested to use the APA (American Psychological Association) citation style. APA in-text citations should include the author's last name followed by the year of publication. All publications cited in the text should be presented in an alphabetical list of references at the end of the manuscript. Submitted articles can be listed as (author(s), unpublished data). See their website for more information. Authors are responsible for checking the accuracy of all references. Manuscripts will not be considered if they do not conform to the APA citation guidelines. References must be listed alphabetically in APA style: Anderson, A. K. (2005). Affective influences on the attentional dynamics supporting awareness. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 154, 258–281. Anderson, A. K., Christoff, K., Panitz, D., De Rosa, E., & Gabrieli, J. D. E. (2003). Neural correlates of the automatic processing of threat facial signals.Journal of Neuroscience, 23, 5627–5633. Armony, J. L., & Dolan, R. J. (2002). Modulation of spatial attention by fear-conditioned stimuli: An event-related fMRI study.Neuropsychologia, 40, 817–826. Beck, A. T., Epstein, N., Brown, G., & Steer, R. A. (1988). An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: Psychometric properties.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56,893–897. Calvo, M. G., & Lang, P. J. (2004). Gaze patterns when looking at emotional pictures: Motivationally biased attention.Motivation and Emotion, 28, 221–243. Carretie, L., Hinojosa, J. A., Martin-Loeches, M., Mecado, F., & Tapia, M. (2004). Automatic attention to emotional stimuli: Neural correlates.Human Brain Mapping, 22, 290–299.   COPYRIGHT Copyright of your article Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that they have read and agreed to the terms of the IOS Press Author Copyright Agreement. Quoting from other publications An author, when quoting from someone else's work or when considering reproducing figures or table from a book or journal article, should make sure that he is not infringing a copyright. Although in general an author may quote from other published works, he should obtain permission from the holder of the copyright if he wishes to make substantial extracts or to reproduce tables, plates or other figures. If the copyright holder is not the author of the quoted or reproduced material, it is recommended that the permission of the author should also be sought. Material in unpublished letters and manuscripts is also protected and must not be published unless permission has been obtained. Submission of a paper will be interpreted as a statement that the author has obtained all the necessary permission. A suitable acknowledgement of any borrowed material must always be made.   PROOFS The corresponding author will receive a PDF proof and is asked to check this proof carefully (the publisher will execute a cursory check only). Corrections other than printer's errors, however, should be avoided. Costs arising from such corrections will be charged to the authors.   PURCHASES How to order reprints, a PDF file, journals, or IOS Press books The corresponding author of a contribution to the journal will receive a complimentary PDF Author’s Copy of the article, unless otherwise stated. This PDF copy is watermarked and for personal use only. A free PDF copy will not be provided for conference proceedings and abstract issues. An order form for a PDF file without watermark, reprints or additional journal copies will be provided along with the PDF proof. If you wish to order reprints of an earlier published article, please contact the publisher for a quotation. IOS Press, Fax: +31 20 687 0019. Email: editorial@iospress.nl. An author is entitled to 25 % discount on IOS Press books. See Author's discount (25%) on all IOS Press book publications. KUDOS Authors of published articles (non-prepress, final articles) will be contacted by Kudos. Kudos is a service that helps researchers maximize the impact and visibility of their research. It allows authors to enrich their articles with lay metadata, add links to related materials and promote their articles through the Kudos system to a wider public. Authors will receive no more than three emails: one invitation and a maximum of two reminders to register for the service and link the published article to their profile. 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